Suomen Antropologi Volume 36, 4/2011
Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society 4/2011 Volume 36(3): 3-4.
This issue of Suomen Antropologi has its finger on the pulse, in terms of both the latest debates in anthropological theory, and world politics. It begins with a special collection of position papers originally presented at a conference entitled ‘Towards an anthropological Theory of Mind’, organized by Professor Tanya Marie Luhrmann (Stanford University) and held at the Stanford Humanities Centre in September 2011. We are happy to publish the papers of altogether twenty-five scholars with a general introduction written by Professor Luhrmann in a format which is rather unusual and never used in the journal before. Nevertheless, we hope that it offers a straightforward way to familiarize oneself with very complex and wide-ranging theoretical discussions. The starting point for the papers is the psychological notion that a person’s mind is separate from the world and what he/she says or does can be explained in reference to the workings of that mind. Hence, it could be said that people hold a ‘theory of mind’ when they observe and interpret other people’s behavior. Recently, however, both anthropologists and psychologists have started to view this notion critically by pointing to the fact that such a relationship between the mind, language and reality is actually culture specific. For instance, not everywhere is language regarded as an expression of a person’s inner intentions. The position papers presented in this issue explore the cultural variation in ideas about the mind, thereby hoping to ascertain what an anthropological theory of mind would look like. This has implications for every line of research in the discipline. We wish to thank Professor Luhrmann for offering this collection to Suomen Antropologi and for the compiling and editing work she has done. A special thanks also goes to Professor Joel Robbins (University of California, San Diego), who initially suggested that the journal could publish these papers.
The forum section of this issue focuses on the wave of revolutions taking place in the Arab World. All three contributors have conducted fieldwork in countries of the region and point to certain important aspects of the so-called Arab Spring that the global news media and the political analysts have rarely captured. In his piece about Egyptian political activists Henri Onodera (University of Helsinki) ponders on the question of anonymity. Revealing or concealing one’s identity in public debates is a complicated question in many respects for both the activists themselves and the anthropologists who study them. Susanne Dahlgren (University of Helsinki) writes about Southern Yemen, emphasizing the heterogeneity of the Arab Spring. According to her, the Yemeni revolution should be understood in the context of a longer internal conflict rather than treating it as an offspring of the Tunisian revolution. Similarly, in the concluding piece Samuli Schielke (Zentrum Moderner Orient) discusses how the events taking place at Tahrir Square in Cairo last year should also be viewed as a part of a long tradition of popular uprisings in Egypt starting from the nineteenth century.
In the news section, Mari Korpela (University of Tampere) and Jukka Jouhki (University of Jyväskylä) report on a new collaboration of Finland-based scholars studying India. Until now, the links between India researchers of different disciplines have been largely informal and personal. In order to get an overview of India research in Finland several scholars met in a workshop held in October 2011 at the Finnish Anthropology Conference. Plans for establishing a formal network for the researchers were also put forward.
Unfortunately, this introduction ends on a sad note. We are deeply saddened to receive the news about the sudden and untimely passing away of Professor Emerita Ulla Vuorela on the 17th December 2011. A professor of Social Anthropology in the University of Tampere, she was a valued colleague and a highly respected member of the Finnish anthropology community. A complete obituary will follow at a later date.
Toward an Anthropological Theory of Mind
Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society 4/2011 Volume 36(3): 5-69.
Tanya Marie Luhrmann: Overview (5)
Rita Astuti: How do we think about researching an anthropological theory of mind? (14)
Joel Robbins, Julia Cassaniti, Tanya Marie Luhrmann: The constitution of mind: what’s in a mind? Interiority and boundedness (15)
Jocelyn Marrow, John Lucy: The constitution of mind: what’s in a mind? Selves (21)
Kathyrn Geurts, Jason Throop: The constitution of mind: what’s in a mind? Senses and experience (25)
Aparecida Vilaca, Rupert Stasch: The constitution of mind: what’s in a mind? Perspectivism (30)
Barbara Rogoff, Luke Butler and Ellen Markman: The learning of mind: how do you figure out what a mind is? Teaching and learning (35)
Danilyn Rutherford, Suzanne Gaskins, Graham Jones, Michelle Karnes: The learning of mind: how do you figure out what a mind is? Play, creativity, fiction and fantasy (39)
Dedre Gentner, Allen Tran,Tanya Marie Luhrmann: The learning of mind: how do you figure out what a mind is? Metaphors for mind (48)
Eve Danzinger, Bambi Schieffelin, Sonya Pritzker: The learning of mind: how do you figure out what a mind is? Issues of language (51)
Douglas Hollan, Alexa Hagerty, Giulia Mazza: Broken and despairing minds (57)
Forum: Anthropology of the Arab Spring
Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society 4/2011 Volume 36(3): 70-79.
Henri Onodera: A Few Reflections on not Naming Egypt’s Young Revolutionaries (70)
Susanne Dahlgren: What Is a Revolution? and other anthropological questions on the Arab Spring (73)
Samuli Schielke: The Arab Autumn? On the continuity of uprising in Egypt (76)
Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society 4/2011 Volume 36(3): 80-87.
Giuseppe Caruso: Karen Ho. Liquidated: An Ethnography of Wall Street (80)
Eeva Berglund: Jennifer Sherman. Those Who Work, Those Who Don’t: Poverty, Morality and Family (82)
in Rural America Heidi Härkönen: Amalia L. Cabezas. Economies of Desire: Sex and Tourism in Cuba and the Dominican Republic (84)
Christopher A. J. L. Little: Heather Montgomery. An Introduction to Childhood: Anthropological Perspectives on Children’s Lives (86)
Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society 4/2011 Volume 36(3): 88-94.
From A Workshop into a Network: Finland-Based India Researchers Unite
A Report From The India Workshop at the Annual Conference Of Finnish Anthropological Society, October 2011
Interesting New Publications
Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society 34/2011 Volume 36(3): 95.
Would you like to write a review of a recent publication of interest to the readers of Suomen Antropologi? Please suggest a title from the list below or a title of your own choice and contact Review Editor Heidi Härkönen: firstname.lastname@example.org
Clarke, Alison J. (ed.) 2011. Design Anthropology: Object Culture in the 21st Century. Wien/New York: Springer Verlag.
Fedele, Anna & Ruy Llera Blanes (eds) 2011. Encounters of Body and Soul in Contemporary Religious Practices: Anthropological Reflections. New York: Berghahn Books.
Jackson, Michael 2011. Life Within Limits: Well-being in a World of Want. Durham: Duke University Press.
Kuoljok, Kerstin Eidlitz 2011. Den Samiska sitan och vinterbyarna: En utmaning. Västeros: Edita Västra Aros.
Lakomäki, Sami, Pauliina Latvala and Kirsi Laurén (eds) 2011. Tekstien rajoilla: Monitieteisiä näkökulmia kirjoitettuihin aineistoihin. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.
Lave, Jean 2011. Apprenticeship in critical ethnographic practice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Lindberg, Christer 2009. Samhället som tanke: Claude Lévi-Strauss och den franska structuralism. Lund: Arkiv förlag.
Pulkkinen, Tuija & Antu Sorainen 2011. Siveellisyydestä seksuaalisuuteen: Poliittisen käsitteen historia. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.
Rutherford, Danilyn 2012. Laughing at Leviathan: Sovereignty and Audience in West Papua. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Schneider, Katharina 2012. Saltwater Sociality: A Melanesian Island Ethnography. Oxford/New York: Berghahn Books.
Siikala, Anna-Leena & Oleg Ulyashev 2011. Hidden Rituals and Public Performances: Traditions and Belonging among the Post-Soviet Khanty, Komi and Udmurts. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society.
Turner, Edith 2012. Communitas: The Anthropology of Collective Joy. New York: Palgrave Macmillian.
West, Paige 2012. From Modern Production to Imagined Primitive: The Social World of Coffee from Papua New Guinea. Durham: Duke University Press.